ARTOM


ARTOM
ARTOM, Italian family originating from asti , Piedmont. The origin of the name is unknown but, like the rest of the Asti community, the family probably came from France. Various members of the family have achieved distinction, especially in politics, science, and literature. ISAAC (1829–1900) was a diplomat and writer. During the revolt against Austria in 1848, he fought in the students' battalion. On leaving the university, he joined the Foreign Office and in 1858 became private secretary to Count Cavour, who defended him against clerical opposition. After Cavour's death he was appointed minister plenipotentiary to Denmark (1862). He represented Italy during the 1866 peace negotiations with Austria and on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War was sent on a diplomatic mission to Vienna. Undersecretary of state for foreign affairs from 1870 to 1876, in 1877 he was elected to the senate of the kingdom, becoming the first Jewish member. He wrote several odes and poems and also published political, economic, and historical works. Isaac's grandson ALESSANDRO (1867–1927) was a physicist, specializing in radiotelegraphy. He invented the Artom system of telegraphy, and also made discoveries in dielectrics and meteorology. Alessandro was scientific advisor to the Italian navy, and was posthumously awarded the title of baron. A monument in his memory was erected in Asti. BENJAMIN (1835–79), a rabbi, was born in Asti. After occupying rabbinical posts in Italy he became haham of the Sephardi community in London (1866), where he was especially active in education. An eloquent preacher in English, he published a collection of sermons (1873) and also wrote odes and prayers in Hebrew and poems in Italian. ERNEST (1869–1935), diplomat and historian, was the nephew of Isaac. As a member of parliament, he supported a national expansionist policy, founding the Italian Colonial Institute in 1909 and inspiring the Italian Libyan campaign of 1911–12. In 1919 he was made a senator. Ernest published many historical studies on the Risorgimento and a monograph on Isaac, L'opera politica del Senatore I. Artom (1906). CAMILLO (b. 1886), a composer, was author of several musical works including the prize-winning Variazioni sinfoniche. His brother EUGENIO (b. 1896), attorney and author, rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel in World War I. In 1926 he was appointed attorney to the Supreme Court. An anti-Fascist liberal, he held important public positions (1943–46). In 1946 he became professor of history at Florence University and published several historical and political works. EMANUELE (1915–1944) was the author of an unfinished history of the Jews in Italy, published posthumously in Rassegna Mensile di Israel (vols. 15 and 16). He openly expressed anti-assimilationist views during the rise of the Fascists and later founded a resistance group (1943) but was captured and tortured by the Germans. His diary Diari, gennaio 1940–febbraio 1944 (1966) is of special interest. Other important members of this family were the biologist cesare artom and the scholar elia samuele artom . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Milano, Bibliotheca, index; Milano, Italia, index; Roth, Italy, index; G. Bedarida, Ebrei d'Italia (1950); E. Artom, Tre vite dell'ultimo '800 alla metà del '900: studi e memorie di Emilio, Emanuele, Ennio Artom (1954), includes lists of works.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARTOM, ELIA SAMUELE — (1887–1965), Italian rabbi and author. Born in Turin, Artom graduated from the Rabbinical College in Florence and served as rabbi in various communities, among them Tripoli (Libya, 1920–23) and Florence (1926–35), where he also taught at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARTOM, CESARE — (1879–1934), Italian biologist. Artom was born in Asti and went to the university at Turin. In 1903 he was appointed assistant in zoology at the University of Cagliari. Here he acquired his lifelong interest in the biological problems presented… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Artom, Isaac — (1829–1900)    Italian diplomat. Coming from a distinguished Piedmontese family, Artom played an active role in the Risorgimento, the Italian struggle for independence from Austria. As a student, he fought in the 1848 revolt. He entered the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Artom, Isaac — (1829 1900)    Italian diplomat. Born into a distinguished Piedmontese family, he played an active role in the Risorgimento, the Italian struggle for independence from Austria. He was the first Jew to be elected to the Senate of the Italian… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Isacco Artom — Büste in Asti Isacco Artom (auch Isaak Artom oder Isaac Artom; * 31. Dezember 1829 in Asti; † 24. Januar 1900 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker. Leben Isacco Artom wurde in ein einflussreiche jüdisc …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isacco Artom — Naissance 31 décembre 1829 Asti Décès 24 janvier 1900 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emilio Artom — (9 November 1888 – 11 December 1952) was an Italian mathematician at the start of the twentieth century. Artom was born and died in Torino. Sources * [http://matematica.uni bocconi.it/storia/letteraa/biogr artom.htm PRISTEM Biography] …   Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Artom — Rabbi Benjamin Artom (1835 1879) was the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews of Great Britain. He was born in Asti, Piedmont, Italy.He was the first person to hold the post of rabbi of Naples. In 1866 he accepted a call to become the… …   Wikipedia

  • Артом Исаак — (Artom, 1829 1900) итальянский государственный деятель и писатель, родом из еврейской семьи. Долго состоял главным секретарем Кавура, после смерти которого вместе с Альбертом Бланом (Blanc) издал: L oeuvre parlementaire du comte de Cavour (Пар.,… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • TURIN — (It. Torino), city on the Po River, N.W. Italy. Turin was the capital of the duchy of Savoy and later of the kingdom of Sardinia; it is now the capital of Piedmont province. The presence of Jews in Turin was recorded by Bishop Maximus of Turin in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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